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  GST system in India by April 2010 
  In the conference of the State Finance Ministers, the  Finance Minister Mr. Pranab Mukherjee has proposed the state finance ministers to work over on the delayed issues of the tax. The Central introduces the Goods and Services Tax (GST) which is one of the most critical parts of the economic reforms of the country.   


   Mr. Mukherjee has proposed in the conference of the State Ministers “GST will be the main motive of focus from April 1, 2010. It is one of the most critical parts of the country’s economic reform.” Mr. Mukherjee also added “the central will continue to play a major role in the affairs of Value Added Tax (VAT) as well as it will remain an active catalyst in the GST.” Through the new tax system GST many indirect taxes are going to get exchanged at the state and central levels.
  The Central Government has published affluent essential circulars regarding the eradication of double benefits under the VAT and Central Sales Tax (CST) compensation packages which has been duly agreed by the states. Previously compensation has been incurred on the loss of revenue on the implementation of VAT and gradual reduction of CST rate to the states by the central. "Aam Aadmi” the word used by the finance minister towards the citizens of the country. He said that the states priority should be in looking towards the growth of the sectors like infrastructure, agriculture, employment generation etc.
  The apprehension of the central has risen by viewing its corrosion over the financial discrepancy that has soared up to 6.2 percent of GDP in 2008-2009. Mr.Mukherjee expressed his views by adding that the huge levels of financial incongruity are absolutely non-sustainable from the medium to the long term process of the states as well as for the central. 
An essential step is required to boom up the economic higher growth as soon as possible without any kind of fiscal licentiousness.
  By realizing the fact about 6.7 per cent growth rate during 2008-09, the Finance Minister said “India is rising as the second-fastest growing economic country in the world.” Furthermore, he said, the core sector industries, as well as crude oil, coal, cement and steel, during April 2009 have made a great mark on the economic graph “which has provided an assurance to bring back again the economy on the way of expansion." 

  Goods and service tax and its implications
The government is making frantic attempts to roll out a comprehensive goods and services tax (GST) from April 1, 2010. ET takes a look at this tax and its implications. 
  What is Goods and Services Tax? 
  The Goods and Services Tax(GST) is a tax we have to pay every time we buy goods or services. In this system, the consumer pays the final tax but an efficient input tax credit system ensures that there is no cascading of taxes — tax on tax paid on inputs that go into manufacture of goods. Put simply, GST is levied only on the value-added at every stage of production. The price of any input going into production will have a cost and a tax component. The system ensure that when the final tax is calculated, the tax paid on input is taken out and the tax is levied only on the cost of the good produced. It is therefore, also known as value added tax in some countries and trade blocks. 
  Why is it considered a better system than the current one? 
  Currently there are a multiple of indirect taxes -- central taxes such as excise duty, service tax, countervailing duty, special additional duty on customs, all cesses and surcharges and state taxes including value added tax(VAT), sales tax, entertainment tax, luxury tax, tax on lottery, betting and gambling, entry tax and state cesses and surcharges. This causes effective tax rate to be high and the differences across states fragments the national market along state boundaries. GST will replace all these taxes with a simple levy, lowering effective tax on goods and creating a national market in goods and services. 
  What is the GST model India plans to adopt? 
  Most countries have a unified GST system. India, however, has opted for a dual GST system prevalent in Brazil and Canada. Under the dual GST model, both the centre and states, have the right to levy and collect tax on the sale of goods. Consultations are on between the centre and the state government through the empowered committee of state finance ministers to finalise the detailed structural framework of the tax. 
  What will be the GST rate? 
  There is no decision yet on the rate structure of GST. A task force set up by the Thirteenth Finance Commission that gave its report recently recommended a rate of 12%. States, however, have said they will not settle for a rate less than 15%. Internal studies carried out by the centre and various states point to rate of 14-16%. At present, the talks have veered around to the view that there should be two slabs-- one lower or floor rate for essential items and another higher or effective rate for most items. There will also be an exempted list of items and a lower rate of 1% for precious metals such as gold, platinum, silver. 
 Source: Economic Times (December 25, 2009)

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